First World War Centenary programme The First World War affected millions of Scots, both at home and in service, and touched the lives of people of Scottish descent all over the world. Our Centenary programme of exhibitions and events will share the Scottish memory of these world-changing events with national and international visitors. Common Cause: Commonwealth Scots and the Great War Date: 11 July – 12 October 2014 Venue: National Museum of Scotland This exhibition will explore the stories of the Scottish diaspora and the war experiences of the nations of the Commonwealth during the First World War. In 1914, as the world prepared for war, thousands of men enlisted in Scotland. But thousands more Scots and those of Scottish descent joined up across the world, and the exhibition will show how they emphasised, adapted or in some cases downplayed their Scottish identities within the context of the armed forces of their home countries. The exhibition will be built around key objects borrowed from the UK and international partners in Canada, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand, some of the main destination countries of the Scottish diaspora. Through contemporaneous newsreel and photography and the words of participants, the exhibition will explore how the war was experienced and commemorated in different parts of the British Empire, and how military service was related to other expressions of Scottish identity and culture such as Caledonian societies, Presbyterianism and piping. Artefacts from the collections of National Museums Scotland associated with individual war experiences will reinforce the main themes of migration, dual identity and loss, and extend the geographical scope of the exhibition. This exhibition is supported by the International Division, Scottish Government and is part of the Year of Homecoming 2014. Next of Kin Date: 18 April 2014 – March 2015 Venue: National War Museum 1914 brought war to Scotland on what would prove to be an unprecedented scale. The impact of the conflict would be felt in every part of the country through a range of experiences. Among these was the profound personal experience of separation and loss, an ordeal which Scottish families and communities went through in common with their counterparts among all the combatant nations. Material preserved in the collections of National Museums Scotland reflects how families coped with the absence and loss of their loved ones, and kept objects as a way of remembering. Through a selection of these family treasures, the exhibition Next of Kin will present a portrait of Scotland at war, where the private lives of Scottish families will introduce some of the major themes and events of the conflict across the fighting fronts. Following the exhibition at the National War Museum, this exhibition will tour eight venues in Scotland until 2017, which each partner contributing new, local content. You can see more information on the touring aspect of this exhibition here. This exhibition is supported by the Culture Division, Scottish Government and the Heritage Lottery Fund. National Memory – Local Stories Date: November 2013 – Summer 2014 As the Centenary of the outbreak of the Great War approaches, the stories and knowledge of this conflict is no longer in living memory, contributing to the history being perceived as distant and disconnected from many individuals today. However, the links are still there through personal stories, objects and museum collections. We are seeking to develop these local stories as a way of understanding the scale and impact of the Great War at the time, its on-going legacy today and its effect on current conflict throughout the world. National Museums Scotland are working in partnership with the National Portrait Gallery, London on this UK-wide youth engagement project. National Museums Scotland will work with pupils from Firrhill High School, Edinburgh, along with an artist and facilitators to develop the pupil’s personal responses to the issues raised by the centenary using objects from National Museums Scotland’s collections as a focus. This project is developed in partnership with the National Portrait Gallery, London, and funded by the Paul Hamlyn Foundation Poppies Date: TBC in 2018 Venue: National War Museum In 2018, the centenary of the end of the war will be marked with an exhibition at the National War Museum exploring the captivating story of Poppies, the symbol of remembrance as well as a means of raising funds for ex-Service personnel. The original inspiration came from Canadian Scot John MacRae’s 1915 poem ‘In Flanders Field’, where the poppy was the only thing which grew in the aftermath of the complete devastation. Inspired by the poem, American humanitarian Moina Michael began selling poppies to friends to raise money for the ex-Service community. The first ‘Poppy Day’in the UK was in 1921. In 1922 the Poppy Factory opened in London, providing work for injured ex-service personnel, and in 1926 Lady Haig opened Scotland’s own factory. Like other countries in the Commonwealth, Scotland has her own distinctive poppy. The Edinburgh factory now produces around 5 million poppies and 8,000 wreaths annually, all handmade by disabled former service personnel. This exhibition will be developed in co-operation with Poppy Scotland. Schools Programme – Primary and Secondary resources In addition to the youth engagement project National Memory – Local Stories, National Museums Scotland will also be providing a schools programme for both primary and secondary schools across our sites throughout the commemorations: Hands-on History: Trench WarfareNational War Museum SOC 4-06b, Standard Grade History Levels 3 & 4 (S1-S4) Get to grips with First World War trench warfare by examining evidence in our object handling collection and first-hand accounts of wartime experiences, including letters and photographs Ghosts of War: Armistice Day PoetryNational War Museum SOC 2-01a, LIT 2-20a Level 2 (P5-P7) Explore the museum’s powerful exhibits, share in an Act of Remembrance, and develop a knowledge and understanding of the world by writing poems of war and peace with the Scottish Poetry Library Great War 1914-1918National Museum of Flight SOC 4-06d Level 4, Senior Phase (S1-4) What impact did new technologies have on the First World War? Explore the use of aircraft through our specially-assembled object handling collection and visit our evocative Fortunes of War exhibition for the personal accounts of those involved. Other events In addition to the special exhibitions and learning project described above, National Museums Scotland will also develop an extensive programme of lectures, events and activities for schools and the public about the First World War. This programme will be focused at the National War Museum, the National Museum of Scotland and the National Museum of Flight.