Andrew Kitchener is Principal Curator of Vertebrates in the Department of Natural Sciences where he specialises in research on mammals, especially carnivorans.

Andrew KitchenerDr Kitchener studied zoology at Reading University and his PhD, also at Reading, was on the functional design of bovid horns.

Before joining National Museums Scotland in 1988 as Principal Curator of Mammals and Birds, he was a researcher and field assistant at the BBC Natural History Unit, working on the series Supersense. In 2010 his remit broadened to include all vertebrates. He is also an Honorary Research Fellow in the Institute of Geography, University of Edinburgh and an Honorary Lecturer in the College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, University of Glasgow. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, a Trustee of the People’s Trust for Endangered Species and a member of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group.

Dr Kitchener’s research interests are very broad and feature the following key areas:

  • Hybridisation in mammals and birds, including the Scottish wildcat, which is threatened by hybridisation with domestic cats. Dr Kitchener is a member of the Scottish Wildcat Conservation Action Plan Steering Group.
  • Geographical variation in mammals, particularly cats, including recent research that identified the first new big cat species, the Sunda clouded leopard, to be recognised in more than 180 years. Current research is focussed on tigers and marbled cats.
  • Effects of captivity on captive vertebrates, including the effects of ageing and the development of diseases of bones and teeth.
  • Scottish zooarchaeology, including the occurrence and extinction of large mammals, such as brown bears and beavers.
  • Functional morphology, including reconstructions of the dodo and the fighting behaviour of the giant deer.

Ten selected publications

  1. Cuff, A.R., Sparkes, E.L., Randau, M., Pierce, S.E., Kitchener, A.C., Goswami, A. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2016. The scaling of postcranial muscles in cats (Felidae) I: Forelimb, cervical, and thoracic muscles. Journal of Anatomy doi: 0.1111/joa.12477.
  2. Brassey, C.A., O’Mahoney, T.G., Kitchener, A.C., Manning, P.L. and Sellers, W.I. 2016. Convex-hull mass estimates of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus): application of a CT-based mass estimation technique. PeerJ 4: el432; DOI 10.7717/peerj.1432.
  3. Wilting, A., Courtiol, A., Christiansen, P., Niedballa, J., Scharf, A.K., Orlando, L., Balkenhol, N., Hofer, H., Kramer-Schadt, S., Fickel, J., Kitchener, A.C. 2015. Planning tiger recovery: Understanding intraspecific variation for effective conservation. Science Advances 1 (5): doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1400175.
  4. Senn, H., Banfield, L., Wacher, T., Newby, J., Rabeil, T., Kaden, J., Kitchener, A.C., Abaigar, T., Silva, T.L., Maunder, M. and Ogden, R. 2014. Splitting or lumping? A conservation dilemma exemplified by the Critically Endangered dama gazelle (Nanger dama). PLOS ONE 9 (6): e98693. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0098693.
  5. Kilshaw, K., Montgomery, R.A., Campbell, R.D., Hetherington, D.A., Johnson, P.J., Kitchener, A.C., Macdonald, D.W. and Millspaugh, J.J. 2015. Mapping the spatial configuration of hybridization risk for an endangered population of the European wildcat (Felis silvestris silvestris) in Scotland. Mammalian Research DOI: 10.1007/s13364-015-0253-x.
  6. Brassey, C.A., Margetts, L., Kitchener, A.C., Withers, P.J., Manning, P.L. and Sellers, W.I. 2013. Finite element modelling versus classic beam theory: comparing methods for stress estimation in a morphologically diverse sample of vertebrate long bones.  Journal of the Royal Society Interface 10: doi: 10.1098/rsif.2012.0823.
  7. Mazák, J.H., Christiansen, P. and Kitchener, A.C. 2011. Oldest known pantherine skull and evolution of the tiger. PLoS One 6(10): e25483. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025483.
  8. Tobe, S., Kitchener, A.C. and Linacre, A.M.T. 2010. Reconstructing mammalian phylogenies: A detailed comparison of the cytochrome b and cytochrome oxidase subunit I mitochondrial genes. PLOS One 5 (11): 1-14.
  9. Kitchener, A.C., Van Valkenburgh, B. and Yamaguchi, N. 2010. Felid form and function. In: Macdonald, D.W. and Loveridge, A.J. (eds.) Biology and conservation of wild felids, pp. 83-106. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  10. Kitchener, A.C. 2010. Taxonomic issues in bears: Impacts on conservation in zoos and the wild, and gaps in current knowledge. International Zoo Yearbook 44: 33-46.

For further publications see: National Museums Scotland Research Repository.

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