Three hundred miles from the mouth of the Zambezi, Tete was a fortified trading post established by the Portuguese. Goods were brought upriver from the coastal port of Quilimane to large storage depots, where they were collected for onward transport.

"The village of Tete is build on a long slope down to the river, with the fort on the water's edge. [...] The whole of the adjacent country is rocky and broken, but every available spot is under cultivation."  

Travels and Research in South Africa, John Murray, London, 1912, p. 425. (First edition 1857)

Livingstone collected 16 specimens from the Tete area. Most were related to the coal fields and iron ore deposits. He also collected minerals from local hot springs.

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