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2016 Archive: Stone Age Jade from the Alps

Friday, 20 May 2016.

A new display at the National Museum of Scotland will showcase National Museums Scotland’s rarely seen collection of Scottish Stone Age jade axeheads, alongside Tim Pomeroy’s contemporary sculpture, Axehead.

Stone Age Jade from the Alps

Friday 20 May to 30 October 2016
National Museum of Scotland, Chambers Street, Edinburgh

Admission: FREE

A new display at the National Museum of Scotland will showcase National Museums Scotland’s rarely seen collection of Scottish Stone Age jade axeheads, alongside Tim Pomeroy’s contemporary sculpture, Axehead. Stone Age Jade from the Alps opens Friday 20 May 2016.

These exquisite axeheads were created over 6,000 years ago, high in the Italian Alps, and were brought to Scotland by pioneering farming groups from northern France. Now, thanks to a French-led project involving National Museums Scotland – Projet Jade – the fascinating story of their creation, use and astonishing 1,500 km journey to Scotland has been revealed.

These were not everyday tools for felling trees and chopping wood. They were very special, ceremonial objects. It is believed that Neolithic people associated mountains with the realm of the gods and they may have felt that these hard-won pieces of mountains possessed divine powers to protect and heal. Passing through many hands on their way across Europe and treasured for generations, each jade axehead tells its own unique story.

Axehead, a stone sculpture carved by Tim Pomeroy, was inspired by these remarkable archaeological finds and was designed to reflect their power, status and ceremonial or spiritual purpose. The artist was born in Hamilton in 1957 and has worked as a full time artist since graduating from Gray’s School of Art in 1981. Now based on the Isle of Arran, he is renowned as one of Britain’s foremost stone carvers.

Tim Pomeroy, said:

“These Stone Age jade axeheads are works of both immense skill and of a highly developed, visual, manual and spiritual sophistication. As an artist I am inspired by these qualities. I have always been interested in notions of utility, the Sacred, and power and how these properties combine within the contexts of art and ritual.”

 Dr Alison Sheridan, Principal Curator of Early Prehistory in the Department of Scottish History and Archaeology, said:

“We are delighted to have this opportunity to tell the stories behind these extraordinary jade axeheads for the first time. Tim Pomeroy’s exquisite sculpture will complement the display and highlight the ways in which these ancient and precious artefacts continue to inspire and fascinate us today.”

For further information and images please contact Kirsten Cowie, Press Office, National Museums Scotland, tel 0131 247 4391,

Notes to Editors

  1. National Museums Scotland is one of the leading museum groups in the UK and Europe and it looks after collections of national and international importance. The organisation provides loans, partnerships, research and training in Scotland and internationally. Our individual museums are the National Museum of Scotland, the National Museum of Flight, the National Museum of Rural Life and the National War Museum. The National Museums Collection Centre in Edinburgh houses conservation and research facilities as well as collections not currently on display.
  2. The National Museum of Scotland reopened in summer 2011 following a three-year, £50m redevelopment. With over 8 million visitors since reopening, the National Museum of Scotland is the most popular museum in the country outside of London (source: Association of Leading Visitor Attractions). The National Museum of Scotland was awarded ‘Gold’ Level Green Tourism Visitor Attraction status in 2016.
  3. Projet Jade is an international, French-led research project, funded by the Agence nationale de la recherche, the French Government research funding agency, and directed by Dr Pierre Pétrequin under the aegis of the Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon. It investigates the use of Alpine jades (mostly jadeitites, eclogites and omphacitites) to make axeheads and other objects in Neolithic Europe, from around 5300 BC to around 3500 BC. It has found working sites high in the north Italian Alps and has mapped and dated the movement of products right across Europe. The results of the first part of the project were published in a major two-volume publication, Jade, in 2011. Dr Alison Sheridan is Projet Jade Co-Ordinator for Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands.
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