Skip Navigation or Skip to Content
You searched for… 40 results found
Reenactors form a line of Roman cavalry on a grassy field, armed with spears, oval-shaped shields, shining helms and full-body armour.
Romans in Scotland: the Roman army

The Roman army was drawn from many corners of the vast Roman Empire

Relic of an Egyptian bowl.
An Egyptian Luxury in Roman Scotland

Discover how research and collecting at National Museums Scotland is reshaping understandings of Scotland in the past as we take a closer look at a very special Roman object with surprising Egyptian origins.

Romans in Scotland: major archaeological sites

Archaeological finds from Rome's invasions of Scotland can be found throughout the country, from the Solway Firth to Moray. Three of the most prominent sites are Trimontium, Traprain Law, and the Antonine Wall.

Silver fragment with jagged top edges and bulbous parts at the bottom with decorative gold leaves.
Traprain Law treasure

Buried around the middle of the 5th century AD, this hoard of Roman silver from Traprain Law in East Lothian is the largest known from outside the Roman Empire.

White sandstone carving of a ferocious lioness devouring the head and torso of a male figure.
Romans in Scotland: highlight objects

See five highlight objects that summarise the legacy of Rome's invasions of Scotland

Grammar of Ornament

Grammar of Ornament was Owen Jones’ design masterpiece. First published in 1856, the lavish folio highlighted stunning patterns, motifs and ornaments in 112 illustrated plates.

Scenic aerial image of the River Tweed and Eildon Hills on a sunny day, with crop marks from the Roman fort visible in the foreground.
Romans in Scotland: Trimontium Museum loan

Discover objects on loan to the new Trimontium Museum in the Scottish Borders

The Rhind Tomb: Ancient Egyptian Burial

Discover the story and view the beautiful objects of an extraordinary ancient Egyptian tomb.

Three shoes on a black background. One is large with a radial pattern of straps, one is medium with less complex straps, and one is small with just the sole surviving.
Romans in Scotland: life on the frontier

Forts were not just military bases, they became the heart of communities

Brown-haired woman facing away from the camera looking at a laptop. Laptop screen has a slide with a Roman face mask.
Romans in Scotland: learning resources

Tools to help aid teaching and learning about the Romans in Scotland

Cramond lioness

In 1997, ferryman Robert Graham unearthed a sandstone sculpture from the mud of the River Almond, Cramond, Edinburgh. It turned out to be one of the most important Roman finds in decades.

Personalised Funerary Papyri

Two detailed funerary papyri tell the stories of the high official Montsuef and his wife Tanuat, whose intact Roman-era family burial was excavated by Alexander Henry Rhind.

Mummy Shroud

A unique, full-length mummy shroud, which is over 2,000 years old yet is still in remarkable condition, has been discovered in National Museums Scotland’s collections.

Gold-wrapped jar laid on its side with the base facing forward. Gold thread forms letters around its edge.
The Galloway Hoard rock crystal jar

A unique jar of rock crystal and gold from the Galloway Hoard with a fascinating history – and an intriguing name on it.

Scotland's Early Silver on film

Discover the story of Scotland’s early silver and how this precious metal helped to shape the first kingdoms of Scotland.

Ancient Southern European collections

Our ancient Southern European collections offer a window onto the diverse cultures that flourished along the Mediterranean coast in antiquity.

New thinking, new collecting

This display highlights a small selection from our Scottish History & Archaeology collections, showing how research and collecting at National Museums Scotland is reshaping understandings of Scotland in the past, and reflecting the Scotland of today for future generations of museum visitors.

Lewis Chessmen Group

Our collections represent Scottish material culture from the earliest times to the present day.

Two visitors looking at mosaic tiles hanging on a wall.
Top 10 things to see and do

Your journey of discovery starts here...

Tour of the Ancient Egyptian Gallery

Join curator Margaret Maitland for a guided virtual tour of our Ancient Egypt Rediscovered gallery.

Spencer House sofa

This sofa once graced one of London’s most splendid mansions, part of an opulent 18th-century interior scheme which was the height of Georgian fashion.

Deskford carnyx

Uncover the history of this iconic Celtic trumpet, and find out how it has been reconstructed to bring the music of the past to life.

Tamworth pig

Tamworth pigs are well suited to the Scottish climate and are one of the oldest surviving pig breeds.

Hamilton-Rothschild tazza

This Byzantine sardonyx bowl mounted on a 16th-century gold stand is truly a magnificent object.

360 ° Highlights from The Tomb

Our stunning ancient Egypt exhibition The Tomb presented the story of one extraordinary tomb, built around 1290BC and reused for over 1000 years.

Alexander Henry Rhind

Alexander Henry Rhind (1833–1863) was the first archaeologist to conduct systematic excavations in Egypt in the 1850s.

The Rise and Fall of Hamilton Palace

The destruction of Hamilton Palace, the grandest stately home in Britain, was one of the greatest losses to national heritage ever to happen in this country. This is the story of how Scotland’s biggest treasure trove was won and lost.

Pocket watch from the shipwreck of the Swan

Salvaged from a shipwreck, this pocket watch has lain under water for over 300 years. But now a high-tech process has uncovered the hidden secrets of this rusty artefact.

Coffins and mummy masks

National Museums Scotland’s ancient Egyptian coffin collection remains largely unknown and has many exceptional items.

Witch's iron collar

This witch's iron collar (or jougs) was owned by the parish of Ladybank in Fife in the 17th century.

Silver dirhams from the Storr Rock Viking Hoard

A 10th-century hoard found on the Isle of Skye contained 19 dirhams, silver coins from the Islamic emirates of central Asia. These were not exotic curiosities collected by a Viking traveller, but evidence of trade routes connecting Scotland across vast distances at the turn of the first millennium.

Digital scan of the Galloway Hoard silver vessel in full with lid on, placed on a marble table
The Galloway Hoard vessel

The lidded vessel which contained the Galloway Hoard's most precious treasures is itself a revelation.

A visitor admires the Hilton of Cadboll stone, on display in Level -1 in the Early People gallery.
Scottish History and Archaeology galleries

Our Scotland galleries guide you from the Palaeolithic era to the present day, from the earliest cultures to space age science, prehistory to pop culture.

Box of Amenhotep II

This box inscribed with the name of Pharaoh Amenhotep II is one of the finest examples of decorative woodwork to survive from ancient Egypt.

Back to top