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Vicen Carrio

Vicen Carrió, ACR
Palaeobiology Conservator / Preparator
Specific responsibility: The preparation and conservation of specimens for inclusion in our galleries, temporary or permanent exhibitions, and for research.
Research interests/expertise: Anoxic environment techniques to improve the life of collections, adhesives, and how to improve the packing of collections to be stored and handled effectively.

Vicen Carrió is the Conservator and Preparator of paleontological material.

Vicen Carrió studied Biology at the University of Valencia, Spain, before moving to Edinburgh in 1992. Having first worked with Professor Euan Clarkson, University of Edinburgh, in Silurian gastropod fossils she gained funding to study the conservation of fossils, minerals and rocks. Since 1997 she has developed her career in geological conservation and has undertaken research in different areas of the collection, presenting numerous talks at conferences nationally and internationally. This has helped her to develop new techniques in conservation and to keep up to date with new products and technology as they are developed. She now has an international reputation as a geological conservator.

Vicen gained the designation Accredited Conservator-Restorer (ACR) in 2015, awarded by the Institute of Conservation (ICON) for demonstrating a high level of proficiency in conservation practice. In addition, she became an ICON PACR Assessor in 2019.

Currently she cares for the Palaeobiology Collections which include 250,000 fossils. Her responsibilities include the conservation and preparation of fossils, and providing advice on geological conservation and preparation techniques to other departments within the museum and to visitors working on our collections.

Her role involves the preparation and conservation of specimens for inclusion in our galleries, temporary or permanent exhibitions, and for research. She is experienced in a variety of physical and chemical techniques including cutting and polishing, making acetate peels, thin sectioning, moulding and casting, acid preparation, field techniques, and preventative conservation.

Mayr, G., Carrió, V. and Kitchener, A.C. 2023. On the “screamer-like” birds from the British London Clay: An archaic anseriform-galliform mosaic and a non-galloanserine “barb-necked” species of Perplexicervix. Palaeontologia Electronica 26 (2): 1-23.

Botting, J.P., Candela, Y., Carrió, V. and Crighton, W.R.B. 2019. A new hexactinellid sponge from the Silurian of the Pentland Hills (Scotland) with similarities to extant rossellids. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh:

Ross, A.J., Edgecombe, G.D., Clark, N.D.L., Bennett, C.E., Carrió, V., Contreras-Izquierdo, R. and Crighton, B. 2018. A new terrestrial millipede fauna of earliest Carboniferous (Tournaisian) age from southeastern Scotland helps fill ‘Romer’s Gap’. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 108: 99-110.

Bain, D. & Carrió, V. Glyptodont. V Fossil Preparation and Collection Symposium. Seattle, April 2012.

Carrió, V. Protocols of Packaging and Moving specimens: organization strategies for institutions. 3rd Annual Fossil Prep & Collection Symposium. Field Museum Chicago. April 2010.

Carrió, V.  Royal Museum Project RMP. 6th Mineralogy & Museums Conference. Denver, September 2008.

Crighton, B. & Carrió, V. Amber in NMS Collections. 12th Annual Conference of the Gemmological Association of Great Britain. Perth, Scotland, May 2007.

Crighton, B. & Carrió, V. 2007. Photography of amber inclusions in the collections of National Museums Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology 43(2): 89-96.

Crighton, B. & Carrió, V. IV International Congress of Palaeoentomology, III World Congress on the Amber Inclusions & III International Meeting on Continental Palaeoarthropodology. Alava (Spain), May 2007.

Carrió, V. & Stevenson, S. 2003. Assessment of materials used for anoxic micro-environments.  Conservation Science 2002: Papers From the Conference Held in Edinburgh, Scotland 22-24 May 2002: 32-38.


For further publications see the National Museums Scotland Research Repository.

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An insight into palaeobiology preparation and conservation with our Geology Conservator, Vicen Carrió ACR.

Blog post by Vicen Carrio
Life on land by Mark Witton


Discover the latest research uncovering the mystery of life on land.

Closing Romer's Gap

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