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Funerary papyrus of Tanuat, wife of Montsuef written in demotic and hieratic scripts on a roll of papyrus and illustrated with coloured vignettes: Ancient Egyptian, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, excavated by A.H. Rhind in the tomb of Montsuef, Roman Period, 9 BC

Museum reference



World Culture

Object name


Production information

Thebes, Upper Egypt, Egypt, Northern Africa


Roman Period

Style / Culture

Ancient Egyptian



Physical description


Collection place(s)

Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Thebes, Upper Egypt, Egypt, Northern Africa


Excavator: Rhind, Alexander Henry, 1833 - 1863
Tebai, wife of Menthu-Sebau


  • The Tomb

  • Egyptian Gallery, 2003 - 2008 (2003 - 2008)
    Royal Scottish Museum

  • Ancient Egypt (29 Jul 2011)
    National Museum of Scotland


Birch, S and Rhind, AH (1863), Facsimiles of two papyri found in a tomb at Thebes. With a translation by Samuel Birch and an account of their discovery by A. Henry Rhind (London).

Brugsch, Heinrich Karl, A. (1865) Henry Rhind's zwei bilingue Papyri. Hieratisch und demotisch (Leipzig).

Moller, G (1913), Die beiden Totenpapyrus Rhind des Museums zu Edinburg (Leipzig).

Quirke, S (1999), 'The Last Books of the Dead?', in Davies, W. (ed.), Studies in Egyptian Antiquities. A Tribute to T.G.H. James (British Museum Occasional Papers 123), esp. p. 86

Smith, Mark J., Traversing Eternity: Texts for the Afterlife from Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt, Oxford 2009. pp. 335-348

Cole, E (2013) 'The Gendered Individual in Funerary Papyri of the Ptolemaic and Roman Periods' JARCE 49.

Smith, M (2017) Following Osiris: Perspectives on the Osirian Afterlife from Four Millennia (Oxford), p. 386.

Maitland, M (2017) The Tomb: Ancient Egyptian Burial (Edinburgh: NMS Enterprises Ltd), 64, 72-73.

Schmidt, V (2022 [2019]), Sarcophagi, Mummy Coffins, and Mummy Cases in Ancient Egypt: A Typological Atlas, transl. Jonker, Z (Albany, NY: Ancient Egyptian Heritage & Archaeology Fund), no. 1318, pp. 225 [219], 228 [222].

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