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Papyrus of Montsaf


Papyrus of Montsuef, funerary roll of papyrus, written in demotic and hieratic scripts and illustrated with coloured vignettes: Ancient Egyptian, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, excavated by A.H. Rhind in the tomb of Montsuef, Roman Period, 9 BC

Museum reference



World Culture

Object name

Papyrus, funerary

Production information

Egypt, Northern Africa


c. 9 BC

Style / Culture

Roman Period, Ancient Egyptian


Papyrus, Glass

Physical description

Papyrus; glazed frame

Collection place(s)

Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Thebes, Upper Egypt, Egypt, Northern Africa


Excavator: Rhind, Alexander Henry, 1833 - 1863


  • Ancient Egypt Rediscovered (08 Feb 2019)
    National Museum of Scotland

  • The Tomb

  • Heaven and Hell and other worlds of the dead (01 Jul 2000 - 01 Feb 2001)
    Royal Museum of Scotland


Birch, S and Rhind, AH (1863), Facsimiles of two papyri found in a tomb at Thebes. With a translation by Samuel Birch and an account of their discovery by A. Henry Rhind (London).

Brugsch, Heinrich Karl, A. (1865) Henry Rhind's zwei bilingue Papyri. Hieratisch und demotisch (Leipzig).

Moller, G (1913), Die beiden Totenpapyrus Rhind des Museums zu Edinburg (Leipzig).

Smith, Mark J., Traversing Eternity: Texts for the Afterlife from Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt, Oxford 2009. pp. 302-334

Cole, E (2013) 'The Gendered Individual in Funerary Papyri of the Ptolemaic and Roman Periods' JARCE 49.

Smith, M (2017) Following Osiris: Perspectives on the Osirian Afterlife from Four Millennia (Oxford), p. 376.

Cole, E (2017) 'Language and Script in the Book of the Dead' in Scalf, F (ed.) Book of the Dead: Becoming God in Ancient Egypt (Chicago), 41-48 fig. 3.5

Maitland, M (2017) The Tomb: Ancient Egyptian Burial (Edinburgh: NMS Enterprises Ltd), 70-1

Schmidt, V (2022 [2019]), Sarcophagi, Mummy Coffins, and Mummy Cases in Ancient Egypt: A Typological Atlas, transl. Jonker, Z (Albany, NY: Ancient Egyptian Heritage & Archaeology Fund), no. 1317, p. 228 [222].

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