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Papyrus of Montsuef, funerary roll of papyrus, written in demotic and hieratic scripts and illustrated with coloured vignettes: Ancient Egyptian, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, excavated by A.H. Rhind in the tomb of Montsuef, Roman Period, 9 BC
Egypt, Northern Africa
c. 9 BC
Roman Period, Ancient Egyptian
Papyrus; glazed frame
Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Thebes, Upper Egypt, Egypt, Northern Africa
Excavator: Rhind, Alexander Henry, 1833 - 1863
Ancient Egypt Rediscovered (08 Feb 2019)
National Museum of Scotland
Heaven and Hell and other worlds of the dead (01 Jul 2000 - 01 Feb 2001)
Royal Museum of Scotland
Birch, S and Rhind, AH (1863), Facsimiles of two papyri found in a tomb at Thebes. With a translation by Samuel Birch and an account of their discovery by A. Henry Rhind (London).
Brugsch, Heinrich Karl, A. (1865) Henry Rhind's zwei bilingue Papyri. Hieratisch und demotisch (Leipzig).
Moller, G (1913), Die beiden Totenpapyrus Rhind des Museums zu Edinburg (Leipzig).
Smith, Mark J., Traversing Eternity: Texts for the Afterlife from Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt, Oxford 2009. pp. 302-334
Cole, E (2013) 'The Gendered Individual in Funerary Papyri of the Ptolemaic and Roman Periods' JARCE 49.
Smith, M (2017) Following Osiris: Perspectives on the Osirian Afterlife from Four Millennia (Oxford), p. 376.
Cole, E (2017) 'Language and Script in the Book of the Dead' in Scalf, F (ed.) Book of the Dead: Becoming God in Ancient Egypt (Chicago), 41-48 fig. 3.5
Maitland, M (2017) The Tomb: Ancient Egyptian Burial (Edinburgh: NMS Enterprises Ltd), 70-1
Schmidt, V (2022 ), Sarcophagi, Mummy Coffins, and Mummy Cases in Ancient Egypt: A Typological Atlas, transl. Jonker, Z (Albany, NY: Ancient Egyptian Heritage & Archaeology Fund), no. 1317, p. 228 .