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The pattern on this ridged piece of cloth was produced by the flat press process.

According to John F. Christie, one of key figures of the United Turkey Red Company, the flat press process was a discharge process which produced the ‘two red’ effect where there are two shades of red (or pink) on one piece of cloth. A note with the sample says ‘Engraved 46½" wide for K/8 cloth. Two Red and White Brocade Scarf 72" in length’ and is dated 31st August 1891. This piece was produced by Archibald Orr Ewing and Co. Flat press was also a term which could be used to described a mechanised block printing process and it seems that the Turkey red firms used this method as well.

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