"Take of the roots of Squills (a Mediterranean herb of the lily family), cut small, and moderately dry, one pound; best vinegar, three quarts; let them stand to infuse in the sun, as was ordered of vinegar of roses, and afterwards press and strain off the liquor. " from the Pharmacopeia Edinburgensis, Wellcome Collection.
"Take halfe a pound of double Refyned Sugar one ounce of liquorish, two ounces of orris roots, three ounces of Sugar pellets, one ounce of [Elecampane], one ounce of [Aniseed], Six pennie weight of [rhubarb], all those must be weighted after they are made in very fyne powders and [sieved through] a fine [sieve] and well mingled together then take also much gum dragon (gum from dried sap) that hath been steeped 24 hours in hysop watter (an aquatic plant) till it come to a [jelly] with this [jelly] you must make up your powders in a [paste] by beatting them together in a marble mortar with a timber [pestle] and make then in Little round [cakes] the breadth of a turnor and dry them before the [fire] and so keep them for use."
"It is [likely] two drop drop weight of gum dragon will be sufficient, but that is left to your discretion. " from the Women's Recipe Book, National Library of Scotland.
Anser anser, Greylag Goose (Z.DT.930).
This charm to protect against whooping cough is made from the thrapple (larynx) of a goose, curved into a circle and filled with small stones. It was hung around the neck to protect the wearer. This example was used in Kirkcudbrightshire in the 18th or 19th century.